biografía de Yves KLEIN (1928-1962)

Personal data


Birth : 04/28/1928 - Nice, France
Death : 06/06/1962 - Paris, France
Sex : M
Nationality/Affiliation : France

Family relations

Son of Fred Frits KLEIN [ 1898-1990 ]
Son of Marie RAYMOND [ 1908-1988 ]
Husband of Rotraut KLEIN-MOQUAY [ 1938 ]

Professional data


Work and Life

1961:First solo exhibition in the USA at the Leo Castelli Gallery, New York NY, USA
1960:Patents a ultramarine blue color known as ‘International Klein Blue’ (IKB)
1955:Settles permanently in Paris, France

1955:Meets Pierre Restany and Jean Tinguely
1948 – 1954:Travels to Italy, United Kingdom, Spain and Japan
1947:Begins to pratice Judo, which have an important role in his search for spirituality
1942 – 1946:Becomes friend with Arman Fernandez and Claude Pascal

Work


Categorie and medium


Painting :
Sculpture-Volume :
Performing Art : Performance

Subject

spirituality

Artistic periods

1962 : First moulding of his friends in order to create "Relief-portraits" of the "Nouveaux Réalistes"
1961 : First series of "fire paintings"
1960 : First public presentation of his "anthropométries"
1960 : First "cosmogonies" and "monogolds"
1958 : Begins using nude models as "living paintbrushes"
1958 : Exhibits for the first time the vacuum
1957 : Beginning of his blue period
1957 : Begins using blue teinted sponges
27/10/1960 : Creation of the "Nouveau réalisme" group in his flat in Paris - He signs the manifesto

Movements and styles

Conceptual Art
New Realism
Monochrome Painting

Works

Vénus bleue
Date of creation : 1970
Medium : Sculpture
Size : 69 cm
 
Relief éponge bleu
Date of creation : 1961
Medium : Painting
Materials : stone-pigment-resin
Supports : wood
Technical data : sponge relief
 
Grande anthropophagie bleue, Hommage à Tennessee Williams (ANT 76)
Date of creation : 1960
Medium : Painting
Materials : pigment-resin
Supports : paper-canvas
Size : 275 x 407 cm
 
Sponge Relief
Date of creation : 1960
Medium : Painting
Technical data : sponge relief
 
Requiem blue
Date of creation : 1960
Medium : Painting
 
Anthropométrie ANT3
Date of creation : 1960
Medium : Painting
Materials : painting-resin
Supports : cardboard
Size : 123 x 82 cm
 
Chèque
Date of creation : 1959
Medium : Painting
Size : 16 x 37 cm
 
Untitled blue monochrome (IKB 82)
Date of creation : 1959
Medium : Painting
Technical data : dry pigment in synthetic resin on canvas, mounted on board
Size : 36 x 28 x 1 inch
 
Blue Sponge
Date of creation : 1959
Medium : Object
Technical data : dry pigment in synthetic resin on sponge with metal rod and stone base
Size : 39 x 12 x 10 inch
 
IKB 79
Date of creation : 1959
Medium : Relief
Materials : painting
Supports : wood-canvas
Size : 140 x 120 x 32 cm
 
Sponge Relief
Date of creation : 1958
Medium : Painting
Technical data : reinforced relief plaster covered with natural sponges and painted in blu IKB
Size : 500 x 100 cm
 
Monochrome orange
Date of creation : 1955
Medium : Painting
Materials : pigment-resin
Supports : canvas
Size : 50 x 150 cm
 
Expression de l'univers de la couleur mine orange
Date of creation : 05/1955
Medium : Painting
Supports : wood
 

Solo Exhibitions (Selected)


Solo exhibitions

2006

La Coupole – Paris, France
04/28/2006 – 02/05/2006

2005

Museo Guggenheim Bilbao / Guggenheim Museum Bilbao – Bilbao, Spain
2005 – 05/02/2005

2004

Schirn Kunsthalle – Frankfurt, Germany
09/17/2004 – 01/09/2005

Yves Klein: Air Architecture
MAK Center for Art and Architecture L.A. – West Hollywood CA, United States
05/13/2004 – 08/29/2004

Galerie de France – Paris, France
02/26/2004 – 04/24/2004

2000

Yves Klein “La vie”, la vie elle-même qui est l’art absolu
MAMAC Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain – Nice, France
04/28/2000 – 09/04/2000

1997

Museum of Contemporary Art – Sydney NSW, Australia
1997

1995

Hayward Gallery – London, United Kingdom
1995

1994

Museum Ludwig – Cologne, Germany
1994 – 1995

1983

MNAM Musée National d’Art Moderne – Centre National d’Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou – Paris, France
03/03/1983 – 05/23/1983

1974

Tate Gallery – London, United Kingdom
1974

1969

Musée des Arts Décoratifs – Paris, France
1969

1966

Palais Des Beaux-Arts-Servarts – Brussels, Belgium
1966

1965

Galerie Alexandre Iolas – Paris, France
1965

1964

Galerie Bonnier – Lausanne VD, Switzerland
1964

1961

Yves Klein le Monochrome
Dwan Gallery – Los Angeles CA, United States
05/29/1961 – 06/24/1961

Yves Klein le monochrome
Leo Castelli – New York NY, United States
04/11/1961 – 04/29/1961

Yves Klein : Monochrome und Feuer
Museum Haus Lange – Krefeld, Germany
01/14/1961 – 02/26/1961

1960

Anthropométries de l’époque bleu
Galerie Internationale d’Art Contemporain – Paris, France
03/1960

1959

Bas-reliefs dans une forêt d’éponges
Galerie Iris Clert – Paris, France
06/15/1959 – 06/30/1959

1958

La Spécialisation de la sensibilité à l’état matière première en sensibilité picturale stabilisée, Le Vide
Galerie Iris Clert – Paris, France
04/28/1958 – 05/12/1958

1957

Monochrome Propositions of Yves Klein
Gallery One – London, United Kingdom
06/04/1957 – 07/13/1957

Pigment pur
Galerie Colette Allendy – Paris, France
05/14/1957 – 05/23/1957

Yves, Propositions monochromes
Galerie Iris Clert – Paris, France
05/10/1957 – 05/25/1957

Proposte monocrome, epoca blu
Galerie Apollinaire – Milan MI, Italy
01/02/1957 – 01/12/1957

1956

Yves, Propositions Monochromes
Galerie Colette Allendy – Paris, France
02/21/1956 – 03/07/1956

1955

Yves peintures
Club des Solitaires – Editions Lacoste – Paris, France
1955

Group Exhibitions (Selected)


Art shows / fairs

2004

FIAC Foire Internationale d’Art Contemporain, n°31
Paris Expo – Porte de Versailles – Paris, France
10/21/2004 – 10/25/2004
Represented by : Galerie Hans Mayer – Grabbeplatz 2 – Düsseldorf, Germany

Art 35 Basel
Messe Basel – Basel BS, Switzerland
06/16/2004 – 06/21/2004
Represented by : Galerie de France – 52, rue de la Verrerie – Paris, France

ART2004 – The 16th London Contemporary Art Fair
Business Design Centre – London, United Kingdom
01/14/2004 – 01/18/2004
Represented by : Archeus – 3 Albemarle Street – London, United Kingdom

2003

Art Basel Miami Beach
Miami Beach Convention Center – Miami Beach FL, United States
12/04/2003 – 12/07/2003
Represented by : Galerie Gmurzynska – Goethestrasse 65a – Cologne, Germany

Art Cologne, n° 37
Cologne, Germany
10/29/2003 – 11/02/2003
Represented by : Galerie Gmurzynska – Goethestrasse 65a – Cologne, Germany

FIAC, n°30
Paris Expo – Porte de Versailles – Paris, France
10/09/2003 – 10/13/2003
Represented by : Galerie Nathalie Seroussi – 34 Rue de Seine – Paris, France

Art 34 Basel
Messe Basel – Basel BS, Switzerland
06/18/2003 – 06/23/2003
Represented by : Galerie de France – 52, rue de la Verrerie – Paris, France

Art Chicago 2003
Navy Pier’s Festival Hall – Chicago IL, United States
05/09/2003 – 05/12/2003
Represented by : Edward Tyler Nahem Fine Art – 56 East 66th Street – New York NY, United States

2002

Art Basel Miami Beach
Miami Beach Convention Center – Miami Beach FL, United States
12/05/2002 – 12/08/2002
Represented by : Galerie Gmurzynska – Goethestrasse 65a – Cologne, Germany

ACAF 8 – Australian Contemporary Art Fair / Melbourne Art Fair
Royal Exhibition Building – Melbourne VIC, Australia
10/02/2002 – 10/06/2002
Represented by : Gimpel Fils Gallery – 30 Davies Street – London, United Kingdom

Art 33 Basel
Messe Basel – Basel BS, Switzerland
06/12/2002 – 06/17/2002
Represented by : Galerie Gmurzynska – Goethestrasse 65a – Cologne, Germany

KunstRAI
Amsterdam, Netherlands
05/15/2002 – 05/20/2002
Represented by : Galerie Delaive – Spiegelgracht 23 – Amsterdam, Netherlands

2001

Art Basel Miami Beach: cancelled
Miami Beach Convention Center – Miami Beach FL, United States
12/13/2001 – 12/16/2001
Represented by : Galerie Gmurzynska – Goethestrasse 65a – Cologne, Germany

FIAC, n°28
Paris Expo – Porte de Versailles – Paris, France
10/10/2001 – 10/15/2001
Represented by : Galerie Nathalie Seroussi – 34 Rue de Seine – Paris, France

Art 32 Basel
Messe Basel – Basel BS, Switzerland
06/13/2001 – 06/18/2001
Represented by : Acquavella Galleries Inc. – 18 Esat 79th Street – New York NY, United States

ArtBrussels – 19th Contemporary Art Fair
Brussels Expo – Brussels, Belgium
04/20/2001 – 04/24/2001
Represented by : Galerie Pascal Retelet – 838 route de La Colle – Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France

Sthml Art Fair 2001, n° 21
Sollentunamässan – Sollentuna, Sweden
03/08/2001 – 03/11/2001
Represented by : dep,art,ment – Engelbrektsgatan 21 – Stockholm, Sweden

Arte Fiera – Mostra Mercato d’Arte contemporanea
Quartiere Fieristico – Bologna BO, Italy
01/25/2001 – 01/29/2001
Represented by : Galleria Maggiore – Via d’Aglezio 15 – Bologna BO, Italy

Artpalmbeach – 4th Modern & Contemporary Art Fair
International Pavilion of the Palm Beaches – West Palm Beach FL, United States
01/10/2001 – 01/15/2001
Represented by : Dominique Haim Chanin Fine Arts – Suite 11b 625 Broadway – New York NY, United States

2000

ARTissima – Arte Contemporaneo a Torino, n° 7
Palazzo del Lavoro – Turin TO, Italy
10/05/2000 – 10/08/2000
Represented by : Tornabuoni Arte – Tornabuoni Arte Via Fatebenefratelli 36 – Milan MI, Italy

KUNSTKÖLN 2000 – Internationale Messe für Editionen, Art Brut, Kunst nach 1980
Messegelände Köln-Deutz – Cologne, Germany
04/01/2000 – 04/09/2000
Represented by : Fischerplatz-Galerie – Fischergasse 21 – Ulm, Germany

1999

Art Cologne, n° 33
Cologne, Germany
11/07/1999 – 11/14/1999
Represented by : Gimpel Fils Gallery – 30 Davies Street – London, United Kingdom

ART Paris – art moderne et création contemporaine
Carrousel du Louvre – Paris, France
09/16/1999 – 09/20/1999
Represented by : Galerie Obsis – 70 Avenue Gabriel Péri – Gennevilliers, France

1998

ARCO – Feria Internacional de Arte Contemporáneo, n°17
Parque Ferial Juan Carlos I – Madrid, Spain
1998
Represented by : Galeria Antonio Prates – Travessa do Pasteleiro, 22 – Lisbon, Portugal


Group exhibitions

2007

Le Nouveau Réalisme
Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais – Paris, France
03/18/2007 – 07/02/2007

2004

The Furniture of Poul Kjaerholm and Selected Work
Sean Kelly Gallery – New York NY, United States
12/10/2004 – 01/22/2005

Systèmes de l’art concret
Château de Mouans Sartoux – Mouans-Sartoux, France
06/27/2004 – 10/10/2004

Mages Pop
Galerie Sonia Zannettacci – Geneva GE, Switzerland
06/01/2004 – 07/31/2004

2003

Pour l’amour de Vénus
Donjon de Vez – Vez, France
06/14/2003 – 09/30/2003

Sculpture
Grant Selwyn Fine Art – New York NY, United States
05/03/2003 – 06/23/2003

2002

Points of Departure II: Connecting with Contemporary Art
SFMOMA San Francisco Museum of Modern Art – San Francisco CA, United States
07/10/2002 – 09/06/2002

Natural – Unnatural
Galerie Gmurzynska – Cologne, Germany
06/03/2002 – 08/03/2002

The Physical World: An Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture
Gagosian Gallery – New York NY, United States
05/09/2002 – 08/30/2002

Claude Monet … bis zum digitalen Impressionismus
Fondation Beyeler – Riehen BL, Switzerland
03/28/2002 – 08/18/2002

1998

Premises : invested spaces in visual arts, architecture and design from France 1958-98
Guggenheim Museum SoHo – New York NY, United States
10/17/1998 – 01/11/1999

La Collection du Centre Georges Pompidou, un choix au Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
Musée d’Art Moderne de la ville de Paris – Paris, France
06/16/1998 – 09/19/1999

1996

Abstraction in the Twentieth Century : total risk, freedom, discipline
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum – New York NY, United States
1996

1993

From Rodin to Serra
Gstaad, Switzerland
03/1993 – 04/1993

1987

La Collection du Musée d’Art Moderne de Saint-Etienne
IAC Institut d’art contemporain – Villeurbanne, France
12/12/1987 – 02/21/1988

1986

Pictura Loquens, 25 ans d’art en France
Villa Arson – Nice, France
02/1986 – 04/1986

1960 Les Nouveaux Réalistes
Musée d’Art Moderne de la ville de Paris – Paris, France
05/15/1986 – 09/07/1986

1964

Documenta III
Museum Fridericianum, Orangerie, Alte Galerie – Kassel, Germany
06/27/1964 – 10/05/1964

1962

Antagonismes II : l’objet
Musée des Arts Décoratifs – Paris, France
03/1962

1961

A 40° au dessus de Dada, les Nouveaux Réalistes
Galerie J – Paris, France
05/17/1961 – 06/10/1961

1960

Les Nouveaux Réalistes
Galerie Apollinaire – Milan MI, Italy
04/1960

Antagonismes
Musée des Arts Décoratifs – Paris, France
02/1960

La nouvelle conception artistique
Galerie Azimut – Milan MI, Italy
01/04/1960 – 02/01/1960

1959

Collaboration internationale entre artistes et architectes dans la réalisation du nouvel Opera de Gelsenkirchen
Galerie Iris Clert – Paris, France
1959

Work in Three Dimensions
Leo Castelli – New York NY, United States
10/20/1959 – 11/07/1959

1ère Biennale de Paris
Musée d’Art Moderne de la ville de Paris – Paris, France
10/02/1959 – 10/25/1959

1958

Vitesse pure et stabilité monochrome
Galerie Iris Clert – Paris, France
11/1958

Bibliography (Selected)


By the artist


Books

1961

Le Manifeste de l’Hôtel Chelsea
New York NY, United States
1961

1959

Le Dépassement de la problématique de l’art
Belgium
1959

1954

Yves Peintures
Jaén, Spain
1954

Les Fondements du Judo
Publisher: Editions Grasset – 61 rue des Saints Pères – Paris, France
1954


On the artist


Books

Yves Klein, le feu au coeur du vide
Publisher: Editions de la Différence – 47, rue de la Villette – Paris, France
Author: Restany Pierre – Paris, France


Catalogues raisonnés

2000

Catalogue raisonné des Editions et Sculptures Editées
Publisher: Editions Guy Pieters – Latem-Saint-Martin, Belgium
Author: Ledeur Jean-Paul – 12, rue Guénégaud – Paris, France
01/2000


Monographies

2000

Yves Klein
Publisher: Editions Adam Biro – 28, rue Sévigné – Paris, France
Author: Charlet Nicolas
2000
ISBN : 2876602857

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